The screen printing technique is quite popular and accounts for a significant percentage of wearable t-shirts. Although its invention originates from China, it is now in virtually every corner of the globe. 

The technique has made significant improvements. It involves the pasting of a layer of ink colour on the top of the cloth, via a screen. Some of the features and possible advantages are that the technique is quite durable and doesn't rub off or fade.

The artwork is of exceptionally high quality, and when used correctly, it provides value for your money. The only drawback is that the technique only allows for one colour per screen. It also cannot be relied upon for more intricate, multi-colour designs. But the technique is not the only option. Here are other custom t-shirt printing techniques:

DTG (Direct to Garments) Technique

This method is also quite common, with lots of online vendors. It is more technical compared to screen printing. It, therefore, requires relevant skills and professional knowledge to handle it. The equipment you need is a textile printer and ink colour.

The technique works the same way a paper printer works, only in this case, the fabric takes the place of paper. The method is ideal for highly complex designs, and the finishing features certain softness and sleekness. You can also use unlimited colours, and you can make your own customizations, including adding photos.

The only issue with this printing method is that you need a superior textile printer; otherwise, it is easy to have low-resolution designs full of unpleasant dot patterns. The ink is also quite thin, and therefore is not suitable for darker fabric. Although the outcome is usually pleasant to the eye, the colour tends to fade more quickly, especially after frequent washes.

Dye Sublimation Technique

This type of t-shirt printing works well with synthetic fabrics. The dye doesn't work well with cotton cloth. The process involves the use of a special liquid dye which should absorb into the fabric. It then needs to dry and solidify.

The last stage involves applying heat and pressure to the t-shirt so that sublimation can take effect. The great advantage of sublimation is that the results are usually stylish and durable. Even frequent washes will not cause the design to fade that quickly. For best results, knowledge and skills in dye sublimation are key.

Screen printing is a popular option, but hobbyists are experimenting with other techniques too. As you can see, all of them have their strengths and drawbacks. It all depends on your requirements.